What is an MRI scan? What Does It Tell, And The Risks

Magnetic resonance imaging scans are non radiation based scans. It is a diagnostic imaging that involves a painless and non-invasive technique. The MRI scan uses magnets and radio waves to produce high resolution scan images of the inside of the body and its organs whereas the other imaging techniques like CT scan or X-rays use radiation. MRI can be helpful in diagnosing various conditions related to various organs such as brain, heart, or other organs for diseases and injuries.

What Can A MRI  Scan Detect?

An MRI Scan is often ordered by a doctor to determine certain conditions like-

  • Abnormalities occurring the the brain or spinal cord
  • Injuries and diseases of joints and bones like spinal column, knee etc
  • Diseases of abdominal cavity like liver, kidneys etc
  • It can be used as a screening tool for high risk breast cancer females
  • Heart problems can be looked for with it
  • Evaluation and concluding the cause for pelvic pain. It can be due to fibroids and endometriosis.
  • It can determine the cause for suspected uterine problems in women that face infertility.

How To Prepare For An MRI Scan?

You should follow all the instructions that your healthcare provider gives. Som general considerations are mentioned below-

  • You might be guided to not eat a few hours before the test depending upon the need of the test.
  • You will be asked to change your clothes and wear a hospital gown for the scanning procedure.
  • Since the scan technique uses strong magnets, it is necessary to inform your healthcare centre about any implanted metal device, if you have one sch as a cardiac pacemaker, stents, defibrillators or others.
  • You should tell about your pregnancy status and if you are breastfeeding, although the scan can be safely conducted during pregnancy and there are no evidence that proves its disadvantages otherwise.
  • If you are undergoing contrast based study, you might need to sign a consent form.

What Happens During MRI Scan?

  • You will be asked to lie on a scan table
  • The scan table slides into the donut shaped scanner
  • The technologist keep communicating with you via intercom facility
  • You need to remain still during the scan as any movement can blurr scan images.
  • The scanner makes loud noises during the scan, you can ask for earplugs or headset to cancel the noise.
  • Once the scan is done, the scanning table comes out of the scanner.

What Happens After The Scan, What Are The Side Effects Of MRI Scan?

  • Once the scan is complete, your reports are generated and sent to your doctor. Your doctor will discuss the reports with you.
  • There are extremely rare chances of you developing any side effects due to MRI scan.
  • However the use of contrast dye can cause certain side effects like
    • Headache
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Dizziness
    • Burning sensation at point of injection
    • Itching or hives
    • Pain and swelling
    • Difficulty breathing
  • Some people are claustrophobic, they might be given anti anxiety medication or sedatives. Due to which you might feel dizzy. In these situations you will need someone to drive you home.

To Conclude

MRI scans are great diagnostic tools with minimum side effects and a little consideration. Best MRI scan centre in Delhi stands out in technology and reliability. The MRI itself is a preferred diagnostic method to minimise the radiation exposure and related side effects. An early diagnosis has proved a better prognosis and effectivity in treatment planned.

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